Article Abstract

Efficacy of nebulized colistin-based therapy without concurrent intravenous colistin for ventilator-associated pneumonia caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii

Authors: Yong Kyun Kim, Jae Ha Lee, Hyun-Kyung Lee, Byung Cheol Chung, Seung Jung Yu, Ho-Young Lee, Jin-Han Park, Sunyoung Kim, Hyeon-Kuk Kim, Sungmin Kiem, Hang-Jea Jang


Background: Although there have been studies regarding the role of nebulized colistin as adjunctive therapy of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) caused by carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (CRAB), a paucity of information on the efficacy of nebulized colistin as monotherapy is available.
Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 219 patients with VAP caused by CRAB treated with either intravenous (n=93) or nebulized colistin (n=126), from March 2010 to November 2015. Factors related to clinical failure was assessed using propensity-score-matched analysis.
Results: Of 219 patients, 39 patients from each group (n=78) were matched after covariate adjustment using propensity score. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics as well as the rates of clinical failure between the propensity-score-matched groups [Odds ratio (OR), 0.48; 95% confidence interval (CI), 0.19–1.19; P=0.11], while a significantly lower rate of acute kidney injury (AKI) during colistin therapy (18% vs. 49%, P=0.004) was observed in nebulized colistin group. In addition, multivariable analysis revealed that nebulized colistin did not significantly alter the rate of clinical failure [adjusted odds ratio (aOR), 0.36; 95% CI, 0.12–1.09; P=0.070]. Instead, medical intensive care unit (ICU) admission (aOR, 7.14; 95% CI, 1.60–32.00; P=0.010), and septic shock (aOR, 3.93; 95% CI, 1.27–12.17; P=0.018) were independent risk factors for clinical failure.
Conclusions: Our findings suggest that nebulized colistin-based therapy, even without concurrent administration of intravenous colistin, may be an effective and safe treatment option for VAP caused by CRAB.