Article Abstract

Nomogram prediction for the survival of the patients with small cell lung cancer

Authors: Hui Pan, Xiaoshun Shi, Dakai Xiao, Jiaxi He, Yalei Zhang, Wenhua Liang, Zhi Zhao, Zhihua Guo, Xusen Zou, Jinxin Zhang, Jianxing He


Background: Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a subtype of lung cancer with poor prognosis. In this study, we aimed to build a nomogram to predict the survival of individual with SCLC by incorporating significant clinical parameters.
Methods: The patients with SCLC were enrolled from the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University (GMUFAH) between 2009 and 2013. We identified and incorporated the independent prognostic factors to build a nomogram to predict the survival of SCLC patients. The predictive accuracy and discriminative ability of the nomogram were evaluated by concordance index (C-index) and calibration curve. We also compared the accuracy of the built model with the 7th AJCC TNM and VALSG staging system. The nomogram was further validated in an independent cohort of 80 patients with SCLC from Cancer Center of Guangzhou Medical University (GMUCC) between 2009 and 2013.
Results: A total of 275 patients with SCLC were included in the primary cohort, and seven independent prognostic factors were identified including age, N stage, metastasis status, histology, platelets to lymphocyte ratio (PLR), neuron specific enolase (NSE) and CYFRA21-1 as independent prognostic factors after using Cox regression model. A nomogram incorporating these prognostic factors was subsequently built. The calibration curves for possibilities of 1-, 2-year overall survival (OS) revealed optimal agreement between nomogram prediction and actual observation. The C-index of this nomogram was higher than that of TNM and VALSG staging system in both primary and validation cohort (nomogram vs. TNM, primary cohort 0.68 vs. 0.65, P<0.01, validation cohort 0.66 vs. 0.62, P<0.05; nomogram vs. VALSG, primary cohort 0.68 vs. 0.66, P<0.01, validation cohort 0.66 vs. 0.64, P<0.05).
Conclusions: In this study, we established and validated a novel nomogram for the prediction of OS for the patients with SCLC. This model could provide more accurate individual prediction of survival probability of SCLC than the existing staging systems.