Optical coherence tomography guidance during bioresorbable vascular scaffold implantation
Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BRS) represent a revolutionary concept in interventional cardiology. After initial enthusiasm, recent real world registries, including patients with increasing lesion complexity, reported not trivial rates of scaffold thrombosis (ScT). The importance of correct patients selection as well as technical aspects during BRS implantation procedures has been highlighted in several studies suggesting that the high rate of ScT might be related to uncorrected patients/lesions selection together with underutilization of intracoronary imaging guidance leading to suboptimal BRS implantation. The high-resolution power together with the lack of shadowing observed beyond polymer struts makes optical coherence tomography (OCT) the optimal imaging technique to guide BRS implantation and identifies eventually scaffolds failures.