Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) for early stage nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC): contemporary insights and advances

Nikhil T. Sebastian, Meng Xu-Welliver, Terence M. Williams


The standard-of-care treatment for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) continues to be surgery in the form of lobectomy or pneumonectomy. Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) has evolved as a viable alternative to surgery for medically inoperable patients, achieving excellent local control (LC) with relatively minimal toxicity in standard-risk patients. Nevertheless, the maturation of SBRT has fostered debate regarding its use, technique, dose, and fractionation, particularly in the context of patient- and disease-specific characteristics such as tumor size and location. This review will cover the recent trends and future directions of SBRT as it becomes an increasingly individualized modality in the treatment of early-stage NSCLC.