Value of cardiac biomarker measurement in the differential diagnosis of infiltrative cardiomyopathy patients with preserved left ventricular systolic function

Kai Hu, Dan Liu, Tim Salinger, Daniel Oder, Stefan Knop, Georg Ertl, Frank Weidemann, Stefan Frantz, Stefan Störk, Peter Nordbeck


Background: This study aimed to explore the value of cardiac biomarker [serum high sensitive troponin T (hs-TNT) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP)] measurement in the differential diagnosis of infiltrative cardiomyopathy patients [Friedreich’s ataxia (FA), Fabry disease (FD) and light-chain (AL) cardiac amyloidosis (CA)] with preserved left ventricular (LV) systolic function.
Methods: Between 2012 and 2014, all consecutive patients presenting at our center with infiltrative cardiomyopathy and concomitant symmetrical LV hypertrophy as well as preserved LV systolic function were included in this study. Serum hs-TNT and NT-proBNP, morphologic and functional features derived from echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (cMRI) examinations were compared among these patients.
Results: A total of 57 patients (FA 20, FD 23 and CA 14) were included. Hs-TNT and NT-proBNP levels were significantly higher in the CA group [median: hs-TNT 98 pg/mL, NT-proBNP 4,110 pg/mL] than in the FA group [hs-TNT 14 pg/mL, NT-proBNP 40 pg/mL] and FD group [hs-TNT 18 pg/mL, NT-proBNP 131 pg/mL, both P<0.001]. There was a negative correlation between NT-proBNP and estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in CA patients (r=−0.72, P=0.012). Both hs-TNT >60 pg/mL (sensitivity 0.79, specificity 0.93) and NT-proBNP >1,000 pg/mL (sensitivity 0.91, specificity 0.93) excellently differentiated CA from FA and FD.
Conclusions: Increased hs-TNT and NT-proBNP levels are suggestive of CA diagnosis among patients with infiltrative cardiomyopathy and preserved LV ejection fraction.