Article Abstract

Treatment with transfemoral bare-metal stent of residual aortic arch dissection after surgical repair of acute type an aortic dissection

Authors: Luigi Di Tommaso, Raffaele Giordano, Ettorino Di Tommaso, Giusi Di Palo, Gabriele Iannelli


Background: Here we evaluate the usefulness of transfemoral uncovered stent implantation to avoid secondary conventional surgery for residual type A aortic dissection (TAAD) of the aortic arch after ascending aorta replacement.
Methods: From June 2009 to April 2015, 11 patients were treated with transfemoral implantation of uncovered stents in the aortic arch after surgical replacement of ascending aorta performed on average 4.7±2.3 years earlier. An enlarged dissected aortic arch or a dangerous median growth of more than 5 mm/yr or impending rupture presenting as chest pain were indications for treatment. The dissected aortic tracts diameter must not exceed 45 mm. Five patients (45.5%) were treated with Djumbodies Dissection System, 6 patients (54.5%) with Jotec E-XL aortic stent.
Results: There were no perioperative deaths or permanent neurologic complications. Primary procedural success was obtained in all patients and the residual TAAD in aortic arch was obliterated, with disappearance of the false lumen. Median intensive care unit (ICU) stay was 24 hours; post-operative hospital stay was 5.2±1.4 days. One death, not aortic related, occurred during follow-up period (mean 5.2±1.9 years). Descending thoracic aorta diameter significantly increased in 3 patients (27.3%): one patient (9.0%) needed a secondary conventional surgery, the other 2 (18.2%) of a distal extension with PETTICOAT approach.
Conclusions: Endovascular approach with uncovered metal bare stent is surely an evolving strategy to perform a purely endovascular treatment, indicated only for treatment of an aortic arch with a diameter of less than 40 or 45 mm, to avoid progressive thoracic aortic dilatation and/or rupture.