Single-dose del Nido cardioplegia used in adult minimally invasive valve surgery

Haiyan Luo, Xiaomin Qi, Hui Shi, Hui Zhao, Chaoqi Liu, Hongsong Chen, Runsheng Peng, Zhangsheng Yu, Kejian Hu, Chunsheng Wang, Xin Li


Background: To analyze the protective effect of single-dose del Nido cardioplegia (DNC) in adult minimally invasive valve surgery.
Methods: From January to December 2017, 165 consecutive adult patients who underwent minimally invasive valve surgery by the same team of surgeons were divided into two cohorts based on the type of cardioplegia administered during surgery: (I) single-dose DNC (DNC group (n=76, male 41, female 35) used in patients from May to December, 2017 and (II) intermittent standard 4:1 blood cardioplegia based on St.Thomas solution (SBC group, n=89, male 45, female 44) used in patients from January to April, 2017. Preoperative baseline demographics, preoperative comorbidities, operative variables, postoperative complications, and patient outcomes were collected and compared between the two groups.
Results: Preoperative characteristics were shown to be similar between the two groups before and after propensity matching. Patients in the DNC group required a significantly lower volume of cardioplegia. The volume of ultrafiltration in the DNC group was substantially higher than that in the SBC group. The spontaneous return of heartbeat rate in the DNC group was considerably higher than that in the SBC group (97.0% vs. 78.8%, P=0.006). The Euroscore II in the DNC group was markedly lower than that in the SBC group (2.00 vs. 3.00, P<0.05). The level of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in the DNC group was significantly lower than that in the SBC group (6.20 vs. 6.95, P<0.05). There were no differences in surgery procedure, cross-clamp time, bypass time, Apache score, troponin T (cTnT), brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), liver and renal function, postoperative complications or patient outcomes between two groups. Regression analysis showed that cTnT increased with the prolongation of myocardial ischemia time, and was closely related to the type of operation, but had no significant correlation with the type of cardioplegia.
Conclusions: In our initial experience, single-dose DNC in adult minimally invasive valve surgery in which the cross-clamp time was mostly less than 90 min, achieved equivalent myocardial protection and clinical outcomes when compared with standard whole blood cardioplegia. In addition, single-dose DNC made the minimally invasive valve surgery procedure progress in a smoother and more convenient fashion.