House dust mite subcutaneous immunotherapy in Chinese patients with allergic asthma and rhinitis
The efficacy of allergen immunotherapy (AIT) has been reported with different allergens including house dust mites (HDM). HDM are the most prevalent allergens in patients with asthma and/or rhinitis in China. In addition to improving symptoms, reducing medication need, and improving quality of life, AIT can change the course of allergic disease and induce allergen-specific immune tolerance. To date, the use of AIT is becoming more acceptable in China, and there are many studies about the current clinical practice immunotherapy. In this paper we discuss the main aspects of AIT undertaken in China; including symptom and medication scores, pulmonary function and airway hyperresponsiveness, specific allergen sensitivity, safety evaluation, and mechanisms underlying AIT. This review will provide some important information on AIT treatment strategies to doctors, healthcare professionals and organizations involved in the AIT in China. According to the studies in China, successful AIT may induce antibody responses and cellular reactions in relation to the significant improvement in clinical symptoms, reducing the need for medications and maintenance of stable pulmonary functions.