Electromagnetic navigation bronchoscopy fluorescence localization and VATS subxiphoid bilateral wedge resection under non-intubated anesthesia

Jiaxi He, Hanyu Yang, Jianxing He, Shuben Li


Computed tomography guided (CT guided) methylene blue or medical glue injection is the prevailing methods for bilateral pulmonary sub-solid nodules (SSN). Most of the bilateral SSNs are treated by surgeries on either side in different period.