012. Impact of smoking status on preoperative profile and on postoperative outcome in cardiac surgical patients
The Pan Hellenic Congress Abstracts

012. Impact of smoking status on preoperative profile and on postoperative outcome in cardiac surgical patients

Fotini Ampatzidou1, Theodoros Kontakiotis2, George Kechagioglou1, Athanasios Madesis1, Theodoros Karaiskos1, Maria Sileli1, Athanasia Vlachou1, Agisilaos Ignatiadis1, George Drossos1

1Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, General Hospital ‘G. Papanikolaou’, Thessaloniki, Greece; 2Pulmonary Department-Oncology Unit, “G. Papanikolaou” General Hospital, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece


Objective: Aim of our retrospective study is to investigate the impact of smoking status on preoperative profile and on postoperative outcome.

Methods: A total of 964 patients underwent cardiac surgery procedures from May 2012 to September 2014. Patients were divided in three categories based on their preoperative smoking status: nonsmokers (Group A, n=282), current smokers (Group B, n=15) and ex-smokers (Group C, n=667). The following preoperative patients’ characteristics were recorded: age, body mass index (BMI), obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Euroscore II (predictive score), diabetes mellitus and ejection fraction (EF). Postoperative adverse events and mortality were also recorded: use of intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP), low cardiac output syndrome, atrial fibrillation, acute kidney injury, re-intubation, acute respiratory failure managed by noninvasive ventilation, pneumonia, prolonged mechanical ventilation (>48 hours), stroke and death. Statistical analysis based on one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) method while differences between groups were analyzed by the post hoc test. COPD and non-COPD percentages were analyzed by the χ2 test.

Results: No statistical significant correlation in postoperative adverse events and mortality was found between the groups. The only exception was the use of IABP which was more common in patients with a history of smoking (P< 0.05). Statistical significant correlation was revealed in the following preoperative patients’ profile characteristics: age (P< 0.01), COPD (P=0.011) and EF (P=0.011).

Conclusions: According to our findings, preoperative smoking status has no impact on postoperative outcome in cardiac surgery patients. Patients with a history of smoking who underwent cardiac surgery procedures are younger, have lower ejection fraction and COPD is more common.

Keywords: Smoking; spirometry; surgery


doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.AB012


Cite this abstract as: Ampatzidou F, Kontakiotis T, Kechagioglou G, Madesis A, Karaiskos T, Sileli M, Vlachou A, Ignatiadis A, Drossos G. Impact of smoking status on preoperative profile and on postoperative outcome in cardiac surgical patients. J Thorac Dis 2015;7(S1):AB012. doi: 10.3978/j.issn.2072-1439.2015.AB012

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